Plaza of a Thousand Columns
long the south wall of the Temple of Warriors are a series of what are today exposed columns, although when the city was inhabited these would have supported an extensive roof system. The columns are in three distinct sections: an east group, that extends the lines of the front of the Temple of Warriors; a north group, which runs along the south wall of the Temple of Warriors and contains pillars with carvings of soldiers in bas-relief; and a northeast group, which apparently formed a small temple at the southeast corner of the Temple of Warriors, which contains a rectangle decorated with carvings of people or gods, as well as animals and serpents. The northeast column temple also covers a small marvel of engineering, a channel that funnels all the rainwater from the complex some 40 meters away to a rejollada, a former cenote.
To the south of the Group of a Thousand Columns is a group of three, smaller, interconnected buildings. The Temple of the Carved Columns is a small elegant building that consists of a front gallery with an inner corridor that leads to an altar with a Chac Mool. Numerous columns are located here, all with rich, bas-relief carvings of some 40 personages: the Temple of the Small Tables which has an exterior motif of X’s and O’s, and the Palace of Ahau Balam Kauil (also known as Thompson’s Temple), a small building with two levels with friezes depicting jaguars (balam in Mayan) and glyphs of the Mayan god Kahuil.
Furthermore, the complex is surrounded by at least three ball courts, which are smaller and have a simple design in contrast to the Great Ball Court in the west of Chichén Itzá.
|Entrance of the Temple of Warriors||El Mercado||Temple of the Large Tables|